Awareness on Diabetes
There is a need to foster the awareness of lesser known health conditions, one of which is Diabetes. In November, awareness on Diabetes takes centre stage in some countries. Consequently, we have indulged the trend to send this important message.
A Little Biology
Our bodies always need glucose and it is found in most foods we eat. Glucose is important to our health because it is a main source of energy for the cells that make up our muscles and tissues. It is also the brain's main source of fuel.
Your body is designed to keep the level of glucose in your blood constant. Beta cells in your pancreas monitor your blood sugar level every few seconds. When your blood glucose rises after you eat, the beta cells release insulin into your bloodstream. Insulin acts like a key, unlocking muscle, fat, and liver cells so glucose can get inside them.
Most of the cells in your body use glucose, along with amino acids (the building blocks of protein) and fats for energy, but it is the main source of fuel for your brain. Nerve cells and chemical messengers in the brain need it to help them process information. Without it, your brain wouldn't be able to work well.
After your body has used the energy it needs, the leftover glucose is stored in little bundles called glycogen in the liver and muscles. Your body can store enough to fuel you for about a day. When you haven't eaten for a few hours, your blood glucose level drops and your pancreas stops churning out insulin.
So, diabetes is a condition where our body's insulin can no longer maintain the blood sugar level.
Identifying the Types of Diabetes
There are different types of diabetes; first Type 1, then Type 2 and finally, Type 3. Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, though it often appears during childhood or adolescence. While Type 2 diabetes which is the more common type, can develop at any age, though it is more common in people older than 40.
Diabetes cannot be self diagnosed. You would need to see a doctor to be sure if you have diabetes or not.
As a precaution, monitor your sugar level, go for regular check ups and report any change in your body to your doctor.
To be continued...